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Rice

Rice is that the staple food of quite half the world's population, with quite 700 million tons produced annually (equivalent to 470 million plenty of milled rice). Although most rice is consumed within the countries where it's produced, growing demand in some areas is feeding the international rice trade.

Rice contains a lot of carbohydrates. There are different ways of milling rice. Brown rice has only had the outer layer removed. It contains more fibre than completely milled white rice. rice, (Oryza sativa), edible starchy cereal grain and the grass plant (family Poaceae) by which it is produced.

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Roughly one-half of the planet population, including virtually all of East and Southeast Asia, is wholly dependent upon rice as a staple food; 95 percent of the world’s rice crop is eaten by humans. Rice is cooked by boiling, or it is often ground into flour. It is eaten alone and during a great sort of soups, side dishes, and main dishes in Asian, Middle Eastern, and lots of other cuisines.

Other products in which rice is used are breakfast cereals, noodles, and such alcoholic beverages as Japanese sake. Rice accounts for 80% of the calories eaten in Asia or one-fifth of the calories eaten worldwide by humans. It's the agricultural commodity with the third-highest worldwide production (rice, 741.5 million tonnes in 2014), after sugarcane (1.9 billion tonnes) and maize (1.0 billion tonnes). However, judged by value, the planet trade wheat is bigger than all other crops combined. All these cereals are grasses.

Uses : Soups, Side-dishes, Beverages

Advantages : Gluten-free grain, Supports energy, Maintain a healthy weight, Powerhouse of energy, Aids heart health

Wheat

Wheat may be a cereal grain that belongs to the Gramineae of the Triticum A dry, one-seeded fruit named kernel is obtained from this spiky grass-like grain, which is ground to make flour and is consumed throughout the world as one of the most important staple food. It is the second-largest cereal grain consumed on earth. Wheat is vital especially for creating bread and other bakery products because it possesses the utmost number of glutens as compared to the other grain. This crop is additionally grown as a forage crop for livestock.

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Wheat is a member of the grass family and contains several essential vitamins and minerals including B vitamins, calcium, iron and protein. As a result, food products represent the main demand component for wheat. Wheat used for foodstuffs gets classified by its end-use into five groups: High protein, premium bread-making Premium bread-making General purpose bread-making Biscuit and cake making Animal feed addition to foodstuffs, wheat is employed in other industries: The pharmaceutical industry uses gluten in wheat to manufacture capsules. The paper industry uses gluten to coat paper products. The health and beauty industry use wheat germ, a part of the wheat plant rich in vitamin E, in soaps and creams. Wheat germ is additionally a healthy food source. Wheat plays a little role in bioethanol production, although its use is restricted compared to other crops like corn. Wheat is additionally wont to feed livestock.

Uses : Bread, Crumpets, Muffins, Noodles, Pasta, Biscuits, Cakes, Pastries, Cereal bars etc

Advantages : High in nutrients and fiber, Support healthy digestion, Reduce chronic inflammation etc

Sugar

Sugar may be a carbohydrate that has been used as an ingredient in food for thousands of years. Evidence suggests that folks in New Guinea domesticated the sugarcane plant as far back as 8,000 BC which civilizations in Asia began extracting sugar from the crop shortly thereafter.

Today consumers use sugar to flavour foods (eg, chocolates), to assist retain moisture in food (eg, cakes), and to preserve and gel other foods (eg, jellies and jams). Sugar can also be used to make ethanol fuel.

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These diverse applications make sugar a crucial commodity on the worldwide markets. How is Sugar Produced? Global production of sugar exceeds quite 120 tons annually and takes place in 121 countries. Although sugars reside within the tissues of most plants, the sugar cane and sugar beet plants provide most of the sugar grown commercially for production.

The sugarcane plant, which may be a tall grass with thick stems, accounts for about 70% of the annual global supply of the commodity, while the sugar beet plant supplies the remaining 30%. Historically, only the sugarcane plant produced sugar, and it yielded very small quantities. However, modern technology has increased the yield. Sugar not only sweetens food, but it also functions to preserve and maintain the freshness of many foods. Sugar is that the generic name for sweet-tasting, soluble carbohydrates, many of which are utilized in food. Table sugar, sugar, or regular sugar, refers to sucrose, a disaccharide composed of glucose and fructose.

Uses : Sweetener, Preservative, Texture modifier, Fermentation Substrate, Flavouring and Colouring agent, Bulking agent

Advantages : Immediate Burst of Energy, Instant Mood Boost etc

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